Recent Articles

Maryland’s Horrendous Law Capping Damages

In a recent blog post, I wrote about the ridiculous law in Virginia that limits the amount of money medical malpractice victims may receive for their injuries. (This law caps “damages.”) But I’ll tell you a secret about the damages caps in Virginia: in some ways, they are much fairer than they are in Maryland.

To be clear, they are not fairer in medical malpractice cases. However, in other kinds of personal injury cases–car crash cases, premises liability cases, truck collision cases, elder abuse cases, and so on–the damages caps in Virginia are significantly fairer. In fact, in some ways, the damages caps in Maryland are some of the least fair in the nation.   

Could this really be true?

Could it, considering the Maryland legislature is overwhelmingly Democratic? (There are two Democrats for every one Republican in both the Senate and the House of Delegates.)

It is true.

Individuals who have suffered catastrophic injuries might find it unfortunate that they were injured if they were injured because of someone else’s negligence; they may find it especially unfortunate if they were injured in Maryland.

I’ll tell you why.

Maryland caps the amount injured plaintiffs can recover for non-economic damages. Non-economic damages cover losses like the loss of the enjoyment of life, physical pain and suffering, and mental anguish.

Maryland law caps recovery for non-economic damages to only $845,000. (The cap increases by $15,000 every year.)

Imagine: you’re driving a hatchback, you’re stopped in traffic, and suddenly you get hit from behind–obliterated–by a big SUV. You get medical treatment, of course. But after all the treatment you receive, a doctor tells you that you’ll have severe pain for the rest of your life and she recommends you use a wheelchair.

Activities you used to love, like running every morning and playing a round of golf with your friends on weekends, are now off limits to you. You feel like you’re a burden on your family. You’ll likely live another 40 years.

Now, consider someone gives you a check for $845,000 in exchange for the severe pain, the mental anguish, and the loss of your enjoyment of life. That check would, spread over 40 years, equal about $20,000 a year.

Who in their right mind would consider that amount to be fair?

Make no mistake about it: none of Maryland’s neighboring states limit non-economic damages in all personal injury cases–not DC, not Delaware, not Virginia, not New Jersey, not New York, not Pennsylvania. In fact, only 10 other states in the nation have such a cap on non-economic damages: Alaska, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Kansas, Mississippi, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, and Tennessee.

Maryland is an outlier.

The Democratic legislature ought to end the caps on non-economic damages, bringing Maryland in line with the vast majority of states and all of its neighbors.

Serious Injury–Needed for a Successful Birth Injury Case

The only birth injury cases a personal injury lawyer will likely accept are those that have a strong likelihood of success, and all successful birth injury cases must have four elements. One of those elements is damages. (The other three are liability, causation, and insurance coverage.) When it comes to evaluating damages, I ask myself certain questions. Here, let’s look at the main question.

The main question asks whether the plaintiff (usually the child) has suffered a very serious injury. (As a result of the negligence of a doctor or nurse or other healthcare provider, a child, his or her mother, or both of them, may suffer a very serious injury.)

Look: most personal injury law firms will decline far, far more cases than they will accept. They will accept only a small number of cases.

Think about it like this: ultimately, birth injury cases require so much time that a personal injury lawyer cannot reasonably work on many of them at a time, if he plans to investigate and develop them fully and he plans to try them in court. Without serious injuries, the financial recovery, if any, will be so minimal that it will barely cover expenses and not justify the time the client and the lawyer will have to spend on the litigation.

If there is no serious injury, most personal injury lawyers will reject the case.

While it is hard to explain to a person who has been injured due to the negligence of medical personnel that the negligent parties may not have to pay a dime in compensation, it is much easier to do that before accepting the case than after a year of litigation.

It is unfortunate how many children and mothers are injured at birth due to negligent medical care. If you or your child suffered a serious birth injury due to negligent medical care, you may have questions about legal options. If you have not yet started a lawsuit and are contemplating bringing one, I encourage you to contact me today. I can answer your legal questions and would love to talk with you. You can reach me at 410-513-9978 or by email at

New Research Shows Black Doctors Matter for Black Babies

An article this weekend in The Washington Post brought attention to a new study about race-based differences in US infant mortality. The article, which is worth reading in its entirety, revealed the results of the study.

Through the study, its researchers determined that the rate that black infants die drops dramatically–over 50%–when the infant was delivered by a black doctor.

When black doctors delivered them, the infant mortality rate fell from 430 deaths per 100,000 live births to 173 death per 100,000.

In a previous blog post, I mentioned the large disparity between black infant mortality rate and that of white infants. One of the researchers of the study highlighted by The Washington Post gave an opinion on the cause of this disparity: the root of the problem is structural racism, she said. She went on to define structural racism as the “normalization and legitimization of an array of dynamics–historical, cultural, institutional and interpersonal–that routinely advantage Whites while producing cumulative and chronic adverse outcomes for people of color.”

As to why black doctors seem to outperform their white counterparts, the researchers wrote that more research is needed to understand.

Causation–Needed for a Successful Birth Injury Case

Negligent conduct is not enough to ensure a successful birth injury case. A doctor, a nurse, or a hospital may commit an awful, avoidable, and obvious error, but that alone is not enough. There must also be, among other things, “causation.”

With this in mind, a Maryland attorney might ask himself the following question: Can I prove that the defendant’s negligence was a substantial factor, rather than a remote factor, in causing the injury or harm?

Even when negligence can be shown, if it was not a substantial factor in bringing about the injury, there is not a strong case. For example, parents may tragically lose their newborn. They may think that their loss was caused by the hospital’s negligence. They may point to the hospital’s error of failing to comply with its own policy that required a neonatologist at all c-section births. However, if there is no showing that the newborn died as a result of the neonatologist’s absence, the case will not be successful. The hospital’s lawyers will certainly argue that the absence of the neonatologist was not a substantial factor in the newborn’s death.  

If you or your child suffered a birth injury due to negligent medical care, you may have questions about legal options. If you have not yet started a lawsuit and are contemplating bringing one, I encourage you to contact me today. I can answer your legal questions and would love to talk with you. You can reach me at 410-513-9978 or by email at

Why Birth Injuries Are a Special Risk for So Many in the US

As Americans, we like to think of ourselves as belonging to the greatest country in the world. However, the dispiriting truth is that when it comes to many facets of life, we’re just a middling, average, not-so-special group. The pandemic has laid this bare. While the world’s most populous nation, China, has successfully escaped the grips of the COVID-19 pandemic, we’re still losing thousands of parents, siblings, grandparents, and cousins every day.  

Should it be surprising that America is not exceptional when it comes to dealing with the pandemic, a health crisis? Absolutely not.

Just look at birth injury statistics.

When it comes to maternal death rates among developed nations, the United States is worst. To put it plainly, the United States is the most dangerous place in the developed world to give birth. About 700 mothers die, and more than 50,000 mothers suffer severe injuries during childbirth each year. Significantly, according to a USA Today investigation, a least half of these deaths could have been prevented and half of the injuries reduced or prevented with better care. What’s more, the maternal death and injury rate in the US has continued to climb; the maternal death and injury rate in the world’s other developed nations, they’ve been decreasing.

When it comes to birth injuries suffered by infants, the statistics also present a gloomy picture for the United States. Look at the statistic for injuries suffered per thousand births. In the United States, there are 47.8 injuries to infants for each 1,000 births. In France there are 39.7. In Austria, 41.6. In Australia, 41.7. In Italy, 43.2. In Spain, 43.4. In Finland, 43.8. In the UK, 43.8. In Germany, 43.8.

What can be done?

We can and should hold doctors accountable for the errors they make. All too often individuals who are injured by doctors never seek the help of a medical malpractice attorney. Suing a doctor for his or her negligence is not about putting the doctor out of business; it’s about putting justice and good healthcare practices into business.